Can ultrasound detect cancer - Medsinglong

Ultrasound uses sound waves to create images of organs and tissues within the body and has been used in many different conditions, including abdominal diseases, suspected lumps and other diseases in the body.

The technician puts a soundbar in the relevant area. Sound waves send images to the monitor and take multiple snapshots. The radiologist then reads the image and can get a good first impression of abnormality. This article explains the role of ultrasound in the detection of cancer and how the test works.

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Can ultrasound detect cancer?

Ultrasound is often one of the "first line" tests in cancer detection. It can detect abnormal tissue, growth and cysts, and suspect cancer based on the appearance of these images. Although it cannot diagnose cancer, it can detect abnormal tissues that may become cancerous.

Ultrasound can detect several different types of cancer, including:

1. Breast cancer

Can ultrasound detect cancer in the breast? It can further evaluate the results of mammograms on cancer. If cysts or lumps are found on mammograms, ultrasound is the next step and can detect possible cancerous changes. Ultrasound of the breast can further evaluate cysts or lumps on the breast to see changes in the tissue. Ultrasound is very useful in detecting breast cancer and diagnosis, because doctors can perform "fine-needle-guided biopsy" to aspirate some tissues. Then send it to the lab to find the actual cancer cells.

2. Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cysts are actually quite common in women. However, this may be a problem when cysts persist and continue to grow. Ultrasound can be used to monitor changes in ovarian cysts that may become ovarian cancer. If there is complaints of pelvic pain, unusual abdominal distension, irregular periods, and pregnancy symptoms without pregnancy. Ovarian cancer usually has no symptoms and can spread rapidly if it is not detected early. Ultrasound can be used to detect abnormal cysts and whether they are hard or full of fluid.

3. Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is one of the fastest growing cancers, with only 8% survival after five years. Early detection is critical for this type of cancer. In the case of pancreatitis and severe epigastric pain, ultrasound can detect the presence of pancreatic cysts or pseudocysts. Pseudocysts are usually the result of pancreatitis and benign, and cysts need to investigate pancreatic cancer. Ultrasound is a commonly used first-line test for evaluating pancreatic abnormalities.

4. Liver cancer

Although the chance of primary liver cancer is small, liver cancer is usually a cancer that has spread to the liver in other parts of the body. Ultrasound can examine liver cysts and help distinguish between cysts and fatty liver disease or cirrhosis. Ultrasound in the liver can also help guide needles in liver biopsy, which can further confirm liver disease or cancer.

5. Bladder cancer

Ultrasound pelvic ultrasound can usually detect bladder cancer, even if it is due to other reasons for bladder cancer examination, because the bladder needs to be filled in order to clearly display all the organs and structures of the pelvis, which can clearly show the bladder. Cysts and tumors in the bladder can often be clearly seen.

6. Thyroid cancer

Thyroid nodules occur when thyroid cells begin to grow too quickly. They can be benign or cancerous. Autoimmune diseases can cause thyroid nodules to never become cancer. If this happens, doctors often choose to pay close attention to their changes and in some  cases may become thyroid cancer. Ultrasound is used to check the nodules to see if they are hard nodules or fluid-filled nodules.
Ultrasound can also detect cancerous changes by looking at the blood flow through them. Doctors also use ultrasound-guided needles for fine needle aspiration or FNA to examine cancer cells under the microscope.

7. Kidney cancer

Cysts can develop in the kidney and do not always mean kidney cancer. Ultrasound can help distinguish between kidney stones, cysts, and other changes in the kidneys. Can ultrasound detect cancer in the kidney? The answer is that ultrasound is helpful. It is abnormal to see changes in the kidneys. If a problem is found, the doctor can refer you to other tests that can diagnose kidney cancer or other diseases.